Industry 2.0 – Electricity and the assembly line take hold
The driving forces on the way to Industry 2.0 were electricity, motors, and the invention of assembly line work. Thanks to electricity and engines, people were no longer dependent on water and steam, making the whole production process more flexible. Henry Ford invented the assembly line in car production at the beginning of the 20th century. The result was that production could be increased significantly and produced much more effectively. Thanks to the assembly line, large quantities could be made in a short time through series production. This was the birth of mass production. It was now possible for the population to buy products at considerably lower prices in the factories because the consequences could be manufactured more cheaply.